The new kingdom
The new kingdom which known as Egyptian empire 1570 -1070 BC which covered 18th,19th and 20th dynasties .
The new kingdom of ancient Egypt was a golden age of architecture and art a variety of factors combined to make the new kingdom one of the most creative cultures of the ancient world.
The most famous pharaohs of the 18th dynasty including Ahmos I, queen Hatshepsut,King ThutmoseIII,Amenhotep III, Akhnaten and the golden King Tut Ankh Amon.
The beginning of the new kingdom ,when King AhmosI red off Hyksos from Egypt and he founded the 18th dynasty .
One of the most important King or Queen of this period(18th dynasty)is Queen Hatshepsut which is considered the owner of the only female temple built in Egypt ,and the country during her time became the richest in all over the world.
Queen Hatshepsut followed by her step son King Thutmose III known as (Napoleon of Egypt) who expanded the Egyptian empire south and west and led lots of military campaigns to protect the Egyptian empire.
During the time of King Amenhotep III (1553BC) Egypt was the center of art (his temple at Luxor stand as a wetness ),he is the first King built gigantic statue or colossus (Memnon).
King Amenhotep IIII(known as Akhenaton) one of the best -known 18th dynasty pharaohs ,and whose exclusive worship of Aton is often interpreted as history’s first instance of monotheism ,this King is the only one believed in one God (Aton) who tried to bring out a departure from traditional religion ,the priests of God Amon refused the new King and his new religion that’s why he decided to abandoned the old capital (Thebes ),and he built a new one at Amarna.
He is the only King used realism in art but unfortunately most of his monuments destroyed after his death ,,,his wife Queen Nefertiti one of the most famous Royal queue and we believed that she ruled the country for a while after his death (no evidence ).
King Tut Ankh Amon successor his father King Akhenaton the throne of Egypt (he ruled only 10 years),during his time Luxor back again to be the capital and Amon back again to be the God of the country,,, his tomb in the valley of the kings is the only one we found intact ,the Egyptian museum is rich by his golden statues, his tomb discovered by Howard Carter (fourth of November 1922)and this date is the national day of Luxor city.His golden mask is considered one of the masterpiece in all of the ancient. Egyptian history.
Ay the high priest during King Tut Anhk Amun reign who successor him so seemed the end of 18th dynasty he ruled for four years after him the last Pharos of 18th dynasty Hormeheb the General of Egyptian army how was illegal King he ruled over 27 years ,he built a lots of monuments around Egypt that very clear at Karnak temple and his tomb in Memphis and another one at valley of kings after his death Ramses I start the 19th dynasty ,he ruled only for tow and half years but his tomb in the valley of the kings considered one of the most beautiful tomb over there .
King SETI I (father of King Ramses II),one of the most important King in the new kingdom and his tomb in the valley of the kings stand as a wetness for the best carving of the new kingdom ,his temple at Abydos one of the most colorful temple of the ancient Egyptian temples,.
King Ramses II
The greatest King in the Egyptian history who ruled over 67 years ,he died 92 years old ,his monuments and temples which cover all the country told us about his great history,one of the most important temple built by this King is Abu Simple temple which is the most beautiful temple built by humankind.
The last respectable King is Ramses III , the first naval battle in the history was during his period against sea people,and it’s recorded at his marvelous temple ( Madine tHabu )at the West Bank of Luxor.
The most important monuments built during the new kingdom ,,
Karnak temples,Luxor temple ,Hatshepsut temple, Valley of the kings ,valley of the queens ,Valley of the workers,valley of the nobles Habu temple ,Ramesum temple ,mortuary temple of King Amenhotep III,and King Akhenaton city at Amarn.
Of course the history of the new kingdom is the most important part of the ancient Egyptian history