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Edfu Temple

Edfu Temple

Edfu Temple

The site of ancient Djeba .Arabic Edfu was the traditional location of the mythological battle between the gods Horus and Seth, and its sandstone Ptolemaic temple, dedicated to Horus, is the most complete and best preserved of all the temples of Egypt.
Built on the site of a New Kingdom temple which was oriented east to west, the Ptolemaic structure follows instead a south-north axis and thus left the remains of the old temple’s entrance pylon standing at 90-degree angle to its own entrance. Due to an unusually high number of building inscription preserved here, we know many of the details of the newer temple’s history.

It was evidently begun by Ptolemy3 in 237 B.C and completed 180 years later in 57bc .The inner part of the structure ,with its decoration ,was finished in 207bc ,though political unrest in Upper Egypt meant that the dedication of the temple did not occur until 142bc and some final work was not accomplished till 140bc .In the following decades the hypostyle hall was built and outermost elements -the per style court and entrance pylons-were then added and finally completed in 57B.C in the reign of Ptolemy 12 Auletes ,the father of the last Cleopatra

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