Dendere is one of the most important temple sites of Egypt and provides examples of a particularly rich variety of later temple features . the area in which the temple is located is that of ancient Lunet or Tantere( Greek Tentyris) a provincial capital and important religious site during several periods of Egyptian history.
Early texts refer to a temple at Dendera which was rebuilt in old kingdom times and several new kingdom monarchs, including Tuthmosis III. Amenophis III. and Ramesses II. and III .are known to have embellished the structure the temple of Hathor which stands at the site today dates to the Graeco – Roman period , however ,and is one of the best preserved temples of this period in Egypt surviving despite the destruction of the temples of Hathors consort Horus and their child 1hy or Harsomptus which originaly stood close by.
like most Egyptian temples. Dendera is oriented towards the Nile , but because the Nile bends here. the structure actually faces north rather than east – west as would normally be the case. the temple area is fronted by several Roman period.