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Dahshur is a royal necroplis located in the the desert on west bank of the Nile 40 km south of Cairo,The Red Pyramid and the Bent Pyramid , Snofr 2575-2551 BC who was the first ruler of 4th dynasty built these two pyramids , his son was Cheops who continued his constructive tendencies. Other major monuments at Dahshur date to the 12th and 13th Dynasties, the white pyramid of Amenemhet11, the black pyramid of Amenemhet111 and the pyramid of Senusert111.

The red pyramid
Consider the largest temple their,called red pyramid because it was built by red limestone ,and maybe this pyramid the first attempt of building smooth-sided pyramid,the stones they used to built the pyramid cut from Tura limestone ,the red pyramid 105 meters high.

Bent pyramid
The bent pyramid is a fascinating structure and it was a transitional form between smooth-sided and step-sided pyramid,this pyramid started at on angel(52 degrees)and then suddenly changed to (43 degrees) that why the pyramid had unique appearance. the bent pyramid had two entrances(unusual ),one from north side like other pyramid and another on west side is blocked by two stone block. The pyramid of middle kingdom is now badly damaged,and part of complex several smaller pyramids of royal women. During the time of king Amenemhat 11 Dahshur was the royal necroplis of Egypt .