Abydos (the Greek version of the ancient Egyptian name Abdu) is situated on the western bank of the Nile about seven Kilometres west of the modern town of Balyana. It made its debut on the stage of Egypt’s ancient history even before the Dynastic period and retained its aura of sanctity longer than any other site in Egypt. This was because Abydos was the cult centre of Osiris, Egypt’s most beloved hero and the central figure of the country’s most popular myth.
The Osiris myth
The Osiris Myth is one of the most poignant, and probably the most well- known of ancient Egypt, Surviving in oral tradition and variably recounted over the centuries, it has come down to us in many version and with many contradictions. The earliest Egyptian sources are the Pyramid Texts ( 2345- 2181BC ), where the story is not in connected form. The most complete version is given by Plutarch, the Greek writer ( 46-126 AD ).